Withdrawal refers to the collection of symptoms that appear when the person suddenly stops taking the alcohol or drug. It is important to seek treatment at a drug rehab facility to prevent injury or death that is caused by severe alcohol and drug withdrawal and a lack of medical care.
Enter one of many treatment programs today and safely overcome your addiction. Dial (316) 768-4392 to contact Wichita Drug Treatment Centers to learn how.
Alcohol and drug withdrawal often requires supervision from a medical professional. The symptoms of alcohol and drug withdrawal can range from mild to moderate and severe to life-threatening. For this reason, withdrawal treatment is often done in a hospital or a recovery center. The duration and severity of symptoms related to drug and alcohol withdrawal generally depends on the extent and time of the addiction.
The first stage of withdrawal, the acute stage, can last between days and weeks. It is followed by a second stage of withdrawal called post-acute stage, which is characterized by fewer physical symptoms. However, this second stage typically presents with increased emotional and psychological withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms can range from low enthusiasm and disturbed sleep to mood swings, anxiety, irritability, fatigue, and variable concentration.
In general, alcohol, opiates, and tranquilizers produce more serious physical withdrawal effects. Drugs such as cocaine, ecstasy, and marijuana tend to produce more of an emotional withdrawal. However, everyone has a different withdrawal experience. It shouldn't be assumed that it someone who experiences a minimal amount of physical withdrawal symptoms is not addicted to the drug.
Although each drug has its own withdrawal symptoms, many shares similar emotional and physical withdrawal symptoms. Emotional withdrawal symptoms may include headaches, depression, social isolation, anxiety, irritability, and poor concentration. The list of physical withdrawal symptoms often includes tremors, sweating, a racing heart, palpitations, and nausea vomiting or diarrhea.
Some withdrawal symptoms can be dangerous and severe. Alcohol and tranquilizers are often associated with the most dangerous physical withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms may include hallucinations, strokes, heart attacks, grand mal seizures, and delirium tremens. Medically supervised detoxes are often recommended for withdrawal from alcohol, tranquilizers, or co-addictions.
Withdrawal from opiates such as OxyContin and heroin is often very uncomfortable but generally doesn't produce such dangerous symptoms. However, symptoms can become dangerous if the drug use coexists with another addiction.
Successful withdrawal treatment may include using prescription drugs to help alleviate symptoms related to the withdrawal. For example, methadone is a popular drug for opioid withdrawal. This medication prevents more severe withdrawal symptoms and helps reduce drug cravings but does not produce the euphoria of atypical opioid drug. Medications such as naltrexone can be used to block cravings for alcohol.
Another popular treatment method is the use of behavioral treatments. There are options for both outpatient and residential treatment participants. A common form of treatment is cognitive behavioral therapy, which helps patients recognize situations that make the most likely to use drugs and learn to avoid the situations in the future or figure out how to cope with them. Other options include individual and group counseling along with family therapy in group meetings such as an AA or NA.
There are many principles of effective drug and alcohol treatment. The first step is to acknowledge that while addiction is complicated, it is a treatable disease that can profoundly alter a person's brain function and behavior. There is no one right treatment that works for everyone. An effective treatment plan involves taking each person's individual needs and concerns into consideration and continuously monitoring and changing the plan throughout the course of treatment.
Treatment also needs to be readily available, even after the initial program has ended. Another important principle is that participants must remain in treatment for an adequate amount of time. According to drugabuse.gov, research has shown that the most successful treatment plans last for at least three months and that after this time addicted individuals are most likely to greatly reduce or stop using drugs.